YuYu Hakusho (幽☆遊☆白書, Yū Yū Hakusho, lit. "Poltergeist Report" sau "Ghost Files"), sau "YYH", este o serie manga japoneză scrisă şi ilustrată de Yoshihiro Togashi cu o adaptare anime. Numele seriei este rostit YuYu Hakusho în distribuţia FUNimation .
Seria manga a fost publicată în Weekly Shonen Jump, care îi aparţinea lui Shueisha . Seria conţine 175 de capitole colectate în 19 volume tankōbon, şi a câştigat Shogakukan Manga Award la categoria shōnen în 1994. În America de Nord, manga este publicată de Viz Media în Shonen Jump.
Seria anime, l-a avut ca director pe Noriyuki Abe şi a fost coprodusa cu Fuji Television, Yomiko Advertising, şi Studioul Pierrot, şi conţine 112 episode şi două filme: "The Golden Seal" şi "Bonds of Fire". Seria anime a câştigat premiul Anime Grand Prix în 1993 şi 1994. Seria TV a fost original difuzată în Japonia de către postul Fuji Television între 10 Octombrie 1992 şi 17 Ianuarie 1995, şi în 2001 a fost licenţiată în America de Nord de către FUNimation. Seria şi-a început difuzarea în SUA în Februarie 2002 pe Cartoon Network în cadrul secţiunii Adult Swim. În Martie 2003, a fost mutată datorită popularităţii în cadrul emisiunii Toonami. YuYu Hakusho şi-a schimbat din nou ora de difuzare în Martie 2005 când a fost mutat la 5:30 a.m. unde şi-a încheiat şi difuzarea. În prezent este difuzat în cadrul blocului de programe FUNimation de pe CoLours TV. În România seria a fost difuzată de catre postul Animax.
O serie de episoade OVA YuYu Hakusho a fost lansată numai în Japonia:
* Eizō Hakusho: Ankoku Bujutsukai (2 Volumes)
* Eizō Hakusho II: Yusuke Volume
* Eizō Hakusho II: Kurama Volume
* Eizō Hakusho II: Hiei Volume
* Eizō Hakusho II: Kuwabara Volume
* Opening Ending Encyclopedia
* Recap Guide Complete Advance Set (3 Volumes)
Yusuke Urameshi (浦飯 幽助, Urameshi Yūsuke) is a student who attends the fictional Sarayashiki Junior High School. His poor attendance, constant fighting, and bad habits have earned him the label of a delinquent among most of his teachers and classmates. This all changes rather abruptly as Yusuke is struck by a car and dies while trying to save a small child who had wandered into the road. Such an altruistic deed catches the underworld by surprise. As they don't have a place for him yet in heaven or hell, he is permitted to return to his body and resume his life. However, while doing so it is revealed that Yusuke has a particularly strong aura, or spirit energy, and Koenma, the son of Enma, lord of the underworld, recruits him as Underworld/Spirit Detective and Yusuke is charged with investigating supernatural phenomena in the human world and capturing criminals dealing in underworld crime. Yusuke bears a bit of affection for his childhood friend Keiko Yukimura, who initially takes a role as Yusuke's conscience, making sure he comes to class and behaves, and later becomes his romantic interest. Yusuke's mother, Atsuko, who is shown constantly drinking throughout the story, raised him as a single mother.
Yusuke's most common attack is the Reigun (霊丸, Reigan, means "Spirit Gun," pronounced as "Ray Gun"), or Spirit Gun. Aura/Spirit energy is concentrated into his right index finger and released as a projectile as though his hand were a gun and his finger the barrel. At first he is only able to muster a single shot per day, but as he trains with Genkai he is able to fire multiple shots per day, as well as developing minor variations on the technique. Yusuke is also the son of the demon king Raizen and, ever since his resurrection during the Chapter Black arc, retains his demon side and demon energy more than his human side. At the end of the manga, Yusuke opens up a ramen shop, and also spends time helping humans and demons learn to cooperate.
In the anime television series, Yusuke is voiced by Nozomu Sasaki in Japanese and Justin Cook in English. According to Togashi, the name Yusuke Uramashi is derived from a pun. Justin Kovalsky of Animerica said "Ever hear the folk song "Bad Leroy Brown," by Jim Croce? Well, Yusuke is like old Leroy, but 14 and Japanese." In the Japanese magazine Animage Anime Grand Prix popularity poll, Yusuke was ranked as the thirteenth most popular anime character in 1993, the tenth in 1994, and the eighth in 1995.In March 2010, Yusuke was ranked sixteenth best male anime character of the 1990's by the Japanese magazine Newtype.
Kazuma Kuwabara (桑原 和真, Kuwabara Kazuma) is a student who attends the fictional Sarayashiki Junior High School. He is noted as the "second toughest punk at Sarayashiki", despite his unusual affinity for kittens. He is constantly picking fights with Yusuke to prove himself tougher, but never succeeding. Eventually Kuwabara's feelings of anger toward Yusuke become feelings of respect. Kuwabara has a very advanced sixth sense, though not as acute as his older sister Shizuru's. Yusuke uses this to his advantage in his attempt to return to life. Kuwabara ends up assisting in most of Yusuke's cases, gaining power over his own aura which he wields as a sword called the Spirit Sword (霊剣, Rei Ken?), though compared to Hiei, Kuwabara's swordsmanship is clumsy and more predictable due to the lack of swordsman training. He learns to develop this power rather quickly as well, later being able to wield two at once and creating an extremely powerful sword using the Trial Sword. Kuwabara also obtains the Jigan To during the Chapter Black arc, a sleeker and cleaner spirit sword that possesses the ability to slice and cut through and between dimensions.
During an early case he meets the ice apparition Yukina and instantly falls in love. Yukina is very appreciative to Kuwabara for saving her from captivity, but is oblivious to his affection. As the story progresses Kuwabara becomes more engrossed in his studies, choosing to cram for his high school exams rather than follow Yusuke and the others into the Demon plane, although he still chooses to do so out of curiosity and being felt as if he were left behind. In the anime television series, Kuwabara is voiced by Shigeru Chiba in Japanese and Christopher Sabat in English. Togashi came up with the character's name by combining the names of two professional baseball players.Mari Kitayama, a lead character designer for the anime adaptation, has stated that she considers Kuwabara to be the most difficult character to design.
Kurama (蔵馬) is a demon thief who, after being fatally wounded, fuses with the unborn child of Shiori Minamino. He is born as Shuichi Minamino (南野 秀一, Minamino Shūichi), a human, though he retains his demon powers at a much lower level. Kurama had originally planned to return to his demon form after regenerating his powers. However, while he has an accident his mother saves him; injuring herself in the process. This forms a bond of love and loyalty which Kurama cannot bear to break and stays as Shuichi to keep Shiori happy. He attends the fictional Meioh Private Academy (私立盟王学園, Shiritsu Meiō Gakkō) where his grades are the highest in his year. He meets Yusuke Urameshi in the first season as a part of a trio of demons who steal three dark artifacts from Spirit World. However, he uses the "Forlorn Hope" (known as the "Ankoku-Kyō" (暗黒鏡, lit. Dark Mirror) in the Japanese version), a mirror capable of granting the user's desire at the cost of the user's life, to cure his mother of a deadly illness. Yusuke saves Kurama's life by offering up his own life to the mirror and thereby canceling the sacrifice out of his kindness (though in the English mangaand Japanese versions they both sacrifice half of their own lifeforce to fulfill the wish). This act bonds Yusuke and Kurama as friends and allies. During the Dark Tournament Kurama is temporarily reverted back to his original form, referred to in the English anime as "Yoko (Yoko meaning "Demon Fox") Kurama" and in the English manga as "Demon Fox Kurama." Kurama uses his aura to control plants, including his signature weapon, a rose he keeps in his hair which he turns into a whip of thorns capable of cutting through steel. He also possesses a skill for analytical thinking which allows him to gauge his opponents' strengths and weaknesses and formulate effective strategies. As Demon Fox Kurama, his powers are far greater and he is capable of creating demonic plants which possess various attributes and highly formidable powers. At the end of the manga, he is shown working at his stepfather's company. In the Human World Kurama goes by "Shuichi Minamino" with long red/magenta hair. When he is the Demon Fox, Yoko Kurama, he has long white hair, is taller, and has a tail. Kurama is voiced by Megumi Ogata (Shūichi) and Shigeru Nakahara (Demon Fox) in Japanese and John Burgmeier in English. As with Hiei, Kurama's name simply "popped into [Togashi's] head" when developing the characters.Kitayama finds Kurama to be the easiest of the main characters to design due to his well-proportioned features.Kurama is a popular character among fans of the series. In the Animage Anime Grand Prix, he was ranked as the third most popular male anime character of 1993 and the most popular male character in both 1994 and 1995. His alternate Demon Fox Kurama form was ranked sixteenth in 1994.Yoko Kurama additionally won About.com's "Best Supporting Character" in its 2005 Anime Award Show.Kurama was also ranked the third best male anime character of the 1990's by Newtype.
Hiei (飛影) is a male fire demon born to a race of female Ice Maidens. The Ice Maidens reproduce every 100 years asexually, always giving birth to a female. A male child is born only if the Maiden has had sex with a male, which is forbidden in their society. Hiei was born as one of the twin children of the Ice Maiden Hina. As her children were born, Hina wept two tears which crystallized and were given to the babies. Hiei was thrown from the floating Ice Domain by Hina's closest friend Rie, to his supposed doom. He managed to survive, though, and grew up in the wilderness where he developed a thirst for killing. The only times he found peace were while looking at the tear-gem from his mother. He later decided to find the ice domain in order to take revenge on the women who cast him out. He loses his tear-gem during a battle and, realizing he must now find the stone as well as the Ice Domain, went to the Osteopath Shigure and has the Evil Eye (Jagan in Japanese, referred to as the Jagan Eye in the English anime dub) implanted in his forehead which gives him many powers, including hypnosis, telepathy, and clairvoyance or remote viewing. Even with the Jagan Hiei cannot find his tear stone, though he easily finds the Ice Maidens' glacier home. When he gets there he finds his mother's grave and his lust for revenge fades. He is told his twin sister has run away and decides to search for her as well. Hiei is an expert with a Katana due to the environment in which he grew up. He also has superhuman speed and can produce and control fire. During the Dark Tournament he taps into the unruly fires of hell, known as the Dark Flame of the Overlord, or in the English dub, "Dragon of the Darkness Flame", which he eventually masters. At the end of the manga, he is assigned as one of the guardians of the portals between the human and demons realms.
In the anime television series, Hiei is voiced by Nobuyuki Hiyama in Japanese and Chuck Huber in English.]Togashi was not certain as whether or not he wanted to make Hiei a main character when beginning the manga.Kitayama considers Hiei to be her favorite to design. Hiei is a popular character among fans of the series. He was ranked as the first, then second, then third most popular male anime character in the Animage Anime Grand Prix for the consecutive years of 1993, 1994, and 1995. The Japanese publication Newtype ranked him as the fifth best male anime character of the 1990's.
Keiko Yukimura (雪村 螢子, Yukimura Keiko?, English manga: Keiko Yukimura, English anime: Kayko Yukimura) is Yusuke's childhood friend and classmate. She has known Yusuke for many years and acts as a parental figure, often trying to get him to attend his classes and behave, though usually to no avail. Yusuke attempts to keep his job as spirit detective a secret from Keiko though she finds out about it during his third case, as the Saint Beasts end up using her as bait to anger Yusuke. Keiko worries about Yusuke but knows that he is more happy fighting demons than having a normal school life. She is noticeably upset when Yusuke leaves for the demon plane in the final story arc but waits for him after he promises to return so they can get married. At the end of the manga, Keiko begins to go to college to be a teacher. In the anime television series, Keiko is voiced by Yuri Amano in Japanese and Laura Bailey in English. Keiko is author Togashi's least favorite character in the series due to her being a "typical" manga character.
King Enma Jr., usually addressed as Koenma (コエンマ?, meaning "Enma, Jr.") is the son of spirit realm ruler King Enma, and the one who takes responsibility of his father's work when he's away. Koenma usually appears as a toddler with a pacifier in his mouth, though he is said to be at least 700 years old. He can also transform into a young adult form, retaining his pacifier and the letters "Jr" on his forehead. Koenma acts as Yusuke's boss, assigning his cases. His pacifier is a receptacle, which Koenma constantly imbues with his spirit energy. It can create a powerful barrier which Koenma states is to fend off a dark evil sometime in the future. In the anime television series, Koenma is voiced by Mayumi Tanaka in Japanese and Sean Teague in English.
Botan (ぼたん?) is the grim reaper, or guide to the underworld. She is charged with ferrying souls of the deceased to the underworld to face their final judgment. She also acts as Yusuke's assistant and trainer as he starts out his tenure as underworld detective. She teaches him how to use the various detective tools, communicates messages from Koenma and often guides him to different destinations pertaining to his cases. She will also join him in the field occasionally, ending up protecting Keiko from insect crazed humans, acting as team trainer in the Dark Tournament, and other various tasks. In the anime television series, Botan is voiced by Sanae Miyuki in Japanese and Cynthia Cranz in English. Botan was ranked as the seventh most popular female anime character in 1993 Animage Anime Grand Prix, the eighth in 1994, and the eleventh in 1995.
Shizuru is Kazuma Kuwabara's older sister who becomes aware of Yusuke and Kuwabara's association to the Spirit World after watching the assignment tape regarding Yukina's rescue mission. Considerably down to earth and deadpan in most scenes, her role as the tough mother-figure to Kuwabara is what caused him to develop the need to learn how to fight. Her role grows somewhat during the Dark Tournament; in the anime she has a brief romantic connection to Sakyo as he saves her numerous times from demon guards at the stadium, and is given his lighter to remember him by as he dies in the stadium's destruction. This relationship was not present in the manga. Like Kuwabara, she has great spiritual senses, though unlike Kuwabara, she's aware of the biological relation between Hiei and Yukina.
Yukina (雪菜?) is an ice maiden and sister to Hiei. Yukina is born to Hina, a twin to Hiei. When she finds out about her brother who was cast from the Ice Kingdom she escapes to the human world where she is captured by Gonzo Tarukane, a member of the Black Book Club. Tarukane keeps Yukina captive, torturing her to acquire the precious crystals created by her tears. Eventually she hardens her heart so as to prevent herself from crying even under extreme torture, prompting Tarukane to hire the Toguro brothers to aid him. Yusuke and Kuwabara, unknowingly shadowed by Hiei, succeed in rescuing Yukina from Tarukane, allowing her to continue her search for her lost brother. In the anime television series, Yukina is voiced by Yuri Shiratori in Japanese and Jessica Dismuke in English.
Asato Kido (木戸 亜沙斗, Kido Asato?) is a human who develops superhuman powers as a result of the demon plane hole opened by Sensui. His ability, "Shadow", allows him to step on someone's shadow and incapacitate them. Along with Yu Kaito and Yanagisawa he seeks the aid of Genkai when his powers appear. It is shown that he also has limited control over his own shadow, using it to spell out his attackers name after he is paralyzed by Dr. Kurame.
Yu Kaito (海藤 優, Kaitō Yū?) is a human who develops superhuman powers as a result of the demon plane hole opened by Sensui. He is a student at Meioh Private Academy where he constantly attempts to outdo Kurama for top grades. He is a master of the written word, having written several books and enjoys word puzzles. His ability is "Taboo" which allows him to create word games that those within his territory must adhere to or their soul will be extracted from their body. While testing the limits of his power, Kaito breaks his Taboo and has his own soul sucked from his body, prompting Kido and Yanagisawa to consult Genkai to help him and explain their new powers. In the manga, his last appearance shows him spending his day off mostly playing video games and writing. In the anime television series, Kaito is voiced by Issei Futamata in Japanese and Jakie Cabe in English.
Mitsunari Yanagisawa (柳沢 光成, Yanagisawa Mitsunari) is a human who develops superhuman powers as a result of the demon plane hole opened by Sensui. His power is "Copy" which allows him to copy the appearance, memories, attributes, abilities, and spirit print of anyone he touches. In his last appearance in the manga, he is too shy to ask an attractive girl out, and it is revealed that ten years later, he marries the girl that tries to cheer him up. In the anime television series, Yanagisawa is voiced by Mitsuaki Madono in Japanese and Travis Willingham in English.
Pu (ぷう, Pū?, English manga: Pu, English anime: Puu) or Pusuke (ぷう助, Pūsuke?) is Yusuke's spirit beast. To return to life Koenma gave Yusuke a golden Spirit Beast egg. As Yusuke traveled with Botan as a ghost it would feed off of his aura and hatch in a creature whose form and demeanor would depend on how pure Yusuke's actions were. After using all the energy he had accumulated to save Keiko from a fire, Yusuke was returned to his body through an alternate method, while the egg was stored in the underworld by Koenma. During the Dark Tournament the egg hatched into Pu, a small blue animal with large floppy ears, a beak and hair resembling Yusuke's. Yusuke is embarrassed to get such a cute spirit beast but is endeared to Pu after it helps him during Genkai's final discipleship test. After Yusuke is killed by Sensui and revives as a demon, Pu changes into a large blue bird, resembling a phoenix. In the anime television series, Pu is voiced by Yuri Shiratori in Japanese and Justin Cook in English.
Ogre is one of Koenma's underlings and only appears in the anime. Koenma often blames him for any problems that may occur, most often problems that Koenma causes himself. While Ogre attempts to act as the voice of reason most of the time, he rarely gets praised for it. Ogre takes particular pride whenever Koenma mentions him by his given name, Jorge Saotome, but this rarely happens, and generally ends up being done in sarcasm. In the second to last episode it is revealed that the anime was an underworld file on Yusuke Urameshi with Ogre as the narrator. He then goes back to hating his job as Koenma's aid. In the anime television series, Ogre is voiced by Tomomichi Nishimura in Japanese and Kent Williams in English.
!!!Am sa revin cu noi info,poze si songs